In old buildings often the warping of beams and planks which we identify as the ceiling of a room, is nothing but the visible part of the floor located between a floor and the other. The duration of these structures is remarkable if maintained in certain conditions . But if they are attacked by fire, insects or mold their life is shortened and there is no need to intervene with a proper restoration. But how to restore a wooden ceiling, or rather the attic?

Is basic first make sure the actual condition of the attic . If the beams that compose it are deteriorated, undersized compared to new destinations or attacked by insects, often the best way to intervene is to replace them. You can disassemble the items damaged after properly shored up the deck, thus proceeding in a manner consistent with the ancient systems that provide for the dismantling of the wooden structures.

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A different case is when the ceiling instead has elements of particular value as a beam or a decorated offered ceiling. In this case it will perform a careful analysis evaluating the conditions of degradation. For example, a beam could be free from cracks and diagonal cross, or have a problem in the supports, because the parties entered into the walls may be damaged due to moisture infiltration.

In the first case you can proceed to reinforce the beam with bandages metal, power-ups after their application. Instead, for the second problem, the best solution is to place the shelves in the walls, under the beam, and connect the two elements together with bandages. When it is the head of the beam , which rests directly into the wall, to be ruined, you can replace that part with a shaped insert of laminated wood, called “laminar prosthesis.” The piece will be shaped in the form jagged and combined with antique beams with specific glues, bandages or bolt.

There is also the possibility that the ceiling beam has poor load-bearing capacity for which it is necessary to reinforce it. It can intervene in this case, by inserting a strip of steel of the beam, or screwed, join to the sides of the reinforcements of wood or of steel sections. Another possibility, in case it is possible to remove the floor above, is to reinforce the extracts of the wooden beam , with steel beams or glulam superimposed and made ​​integral with the beam by means of bandages or ancient screws . As discussed solutions to the problem are varied, and methods of intervention should be evaluated case by case, it is for the designer to assess the issues at stake and resort to more appropriate in each specific instance.