The best decorative solution for acoustic and thermal insulation of buildings, saving energy and helping the environment.

It is another way of looking at art through the growth of plants in their natural state, while remaining a system of long-term waterproofing of vertical surfaces.

What is a vertical garden

More and more common these works of art on facades of cities in arid and very hot. This installation covered with plants of different species gives the appearance of a garden, but vertically. Your support is usually a metal frame and she puts on a second network of plastic which is attached a waterproof sheet to prevent water seepage into the facade. Between the wall and the base, leaving a gap to facilitate ventilation and installation. It ends with a double layer of felt to form small pockets where you can insert the roots of the plants chosen. Agricultural land is not used and instead look for solutions for mineral development using materials such as washed sand, gravel or perlite.

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Composition and mechanism of vertical gardens

Its modules are manufactured in different materials such as recycled polyethylene and which, not to degrade with moisture or with acidic nutrient solutions. The substrate used is completely organic, thereby retaining sufficient water to the plant development in case of power failure or water. With the help of a system drip independently, is divided by vertical garden modules (usually in steps of 60×60 cm.). Get the water it needs and is recirculated by the same, without waterproof the wall. Nor dirty or wet soil, as water does not leave the circuit. You can use PV systems to power its electrical system.

When choosing what kind of vertical garden is preferred, the market offers several options to do so. Even, you can choose a life cycle of plants with more or less long. Typically, are usually supplied pre-planted and prepared with an alarm system . In case of failure of the irrigation system, as a loss of pressure or power failure, it notifies the customer of the problem in most cases by telephone.

Features vertical gardens

If the roots of plants receive nutrients and water, land is not required to continue their growth. This new type of garden, performs functions such as the following:

Aesthetics: roofs, walls or walls that provide bulk plant as an integral part of the architectural system and interior buildings.
Insulation: reduces noise from outside and at the same time, keeps walls safe from contamination.
Sewage: helps to purify the environment by providing oxygen and improving environmental quality while gray water can be debugged.

Benefits with the installation of the vertical gardens

Countries like Germany, are beginning to include in their different architectural alternatives such as installing gardens such as environmental policies. Some advantages are:

# Improve air quality, thermally insulated and prevent heating in buildings.
# Provide good drainage to avoid unnecessary leaks.
# No need for replacing topsoil by volcanic rock and clay.
# They can be installed in exterior and interior so it requires less energy and water consumption.
# You can choose variety of plants at a time regardless of the species of each of them, only that they are complementary and can be species that are indigenous to the area to gain strength and less care.
# Can be separated from the wall, housing inside pipes or tubes of heating or cooling so that their optical effect is invisible because plants are covered.
# The installation of a vertical garden with a facade of approximately 60m2, can save up to 500 € m2 in annual electricity bill.

Problems with the installation of vertical gardens

Mainly, the most important barrier for many interested in using facades or walls of plants is the cost of installation (about 400 € m2, depending on each manufacturer). The orientation and a need for consistency with the environment, are essential factors which may come to recognize a successful outcome at the time of development of the vertical garden. The sizes of the species influences the growth of plants, so that when vertically development of some of them is not predictable. The beauty that provides in a building from the outside can multiply your sales by up to 30%, creating a commercial interest in old and new buildings.