Connect or use a washing machine, stove, television, or manipulate a switch at home can be less risky activities helps the family.

The electrical current of our homes provide an acceptable security that allows us to live peacefully. However, there is widespread ignorance of basic rules for using electrical devices applied correctly and timely can help prevent accidents.

The switch and outlet

All electrical appliances we use regularly are directly and indirectly with two simple elements included in the building room, these are the switch and the outlet, which we use every day but due to certain characteristics unknown. The switch as its name implies, interrupts the passage of electric current between the source and the equipment to use with a cam metal easily. This mechanism is isolated by a plastic body which allows its use. It is usually installed “embedded” in the wall inside a metal box or plastic and can be connected two, three or four wires to use. It is usually used to activate lighting elements but may have other uses.


There is a special type called a breaker switch, which receives power from the external network to the house and distributes it inside. The outlet is the most used at home and therefore is most susceptible to damage and its features is an ongoing risk to anyone using it. Internally consists of three metal plates (phase or hot line, neutral or return and ground), this implies that you always have three wires connected by screws or embedded in special cavities. Like switches remain inserted in boxes metal or plastic in the wall. Its function is to serve as an extension of the grid that comes from the street through the breakers. Usage is very simple, consisting only of connecting or disconnecting the electrical outlet by grasping the plug or connector firmly in either case.

Young children are curious

A child with an age equal to or less than six years is extremely active and constant experimentation. Add to that the fact that outlets are located at a distance from floor to around 40 centimeters we have a potentially dangerous scenario for themselves and depend only on the people who are responsible for avoiding an undesirable situation that involving electricity. The obvious measures are the constant support and implementation of “barriers” that prevent the take innocent interact with an outlet or an electrical appliance.

Safety at home

Switches and outlets or switches should always be properly adjusted where appropriate box, without wires in sight that can be touched by anyone. If visual or tactile evidence of overheating is a symptom of serious injury in any of the above cases you should consult a qualified person to solve the problem.The electrical wires that are connected to an outlet should be pulling them off their respective connector or plug, never by pulling the cable directly. Under no circumstances should you try to insert different elements to electrical connectors into the holes in an outlet as this could cause serious burns or even electrocution . Avoid at all costs the use of “multiple attachments” or multiple connections into a single outlet to connect multiple devices. Outlets are designed to withstand a limited amount of current is exceeded if heat builds up and eventually an outbreak of fire.

Water is the number one enemy of electricity. All sources of liquid used in the home should be as far as possible from devices that use or supply electricity. If a liquid is between phase (live line) and neutral (return) or grounding will cause a short circuit immediately, also working as an effective conductor of electricity that will affect everything they touch. Finally, if you stay for a long time away from home it is pertinent to turn off all breakers (if possible). In addition to preventing an outbreak of fire avoid unexpected charges by accidental consumption of electricity.