Build yourself a terrace is not that complicated. The important thing is to plan your project to be able to provide as much detail. I will prepare an inventory of stuff here to think about before you get to work.
Check out city officials
It is essential to visit the city officials before you get to build your plans as you must know the regulations concerning the construction of such structure. Some questions to ask:
# How high did you deck right?
# What is the distance from the midline to meet you and your neighbor?
It is also likely that you get a permit for the construction of your deck. The city will keep you informed.
Make a plan
Take more time to plan any type of projects is also to ensure to eliminate surprises. He must first make a plan based on a project to be as safe as possible, comfortable, intimate, if you so desire. Of course you can draw a plan on paper, but to make you really mind the extent of the surface on which you wish to build, I suggest you draw the boundaries of your site with rope to the ground. You have a better idea of what it will give the final against the limits of the neighborhood, among others. You will also have specific sizes to calculate the materials you need. You can then use the plan you have drawn on paper, dimensions that you have calculated the ground in order to calculate the materials you have to buy. Well organized, you will not need to go back and forth between home and hardware store. You can also make you any book at once.
The basics of floor
You can choose to put 12, 16 or 24 inches apart between each floor joist. Over your surface, the greater the space between the joists must be short to ensure good stability to your soil. When you are unsure of what it takes as the distance between each joist, I advise you to put 16 inches apart, which remains the standard. This distance is calculated from the center of the first piece of wood (1 ¾ inch) to the center of another piece of wood.
The floor boards
You need to think about already available floor boards. Do you prefer the parallel, perpendicular or diagonal from your home? This decision will determine which way you make the base of the floor. The floor joists need to be asked in reverse planks that will arise over. You can also determine if you want a deck at one or more levels. How wide do you want boards to your floor? 1” x 4”? Of an” X 6”? Of 2” x 4” or 2” x 6”, which are stronger because thicker? It should be noted that over your deck, the more it is advisable to make thick boards. Your choice may be dictated by a concern for aesthetics, according to your tastes.
Anchored or not at home?
Do you want your deck to be completely independent of your home (self-supporting) or how it is attached (anchored)? The support of your structure will be influenced by this decision. If you decide to anchor it to your home, there must be lag bolts to secure the foundations of your deck joists in your home.
Already at this stage, you can think of your accessories. Do you want to put flower boxes on your patio, wall trellis, stairs to one or more levels, a ramp, a pergola? For your ramps, establish in advance the design you want them. Do you want to incorporate the trellis, flower boxes, do you want to make many levels?
The choice of materials
The choice of materials will be determined by your desire for sustainability, by your willingness to maintain, by your tastes and preferences, of course, but especially your budget.
Would you like of your deck is built:
Natural wood (pine) with protection to be applied thereafter (lifetime of about seven years, but must be painted and dyed regularly.) wood-treated (green tint lasts much longer than natural wood untreated). Cedar (to waterproof, not have to deal with, less maintenance, but more expensive) Glass fiber cement or concrete. If you work with wood, to secure your boards, you choose screws or nails? Nails are easier to install, but the screw make work easier when you need to replace a rotten or broken. Now there are screws that are color-treated wood, treated with epoxy so rust. This prevents wood rot prematurely. You can also find on the market an anchoring system that you put under the deck, thus invisible from above. This system eliminates the visible screws and also causes fewer holes in the wood.
If you make your deck, you must think about the finish you use. Will you take a sealer, stain or paint to protect it? The dye is more liquid and penetrates into the wood. The sealant, in turn, seals the wood, as its name suggests, and protects from the elements. That said, there are dyeing of high quality which already contains the sealant. It’s worth to check with your local hardware store that will give you the features of its products and guide you in choosing appropriate. Finally, if you choose to paint your deck, know that it prevents the wood to breathe and she husk more and faster than the dye. It requires more maintenance. By cons, you may want to give a distinctive look to your patio by giving it bright colors. At that time, the paint is a good choice.